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Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short borderline with Turkey to the northwest. It lies between latitudes 38 and 42 N, and longitudes 44 and 51 E.

The total length of Azerbaijan's land borders is 2,648 km (1,645 mi), of which 1007 kilometers are with Armenia, 756 kilometers with Iran, 480 kilometers with Georgia, 390 kilometers with Russia and 15 kilometers with Turkey. The coastline stretches for 800 km (497 mi), and the length of the widest area of the Azerbaijani section of the Caspian Sea is 456 km (283 mi). The territory of Azerbaijan extends 400 km (249 mi) from north to south, and 500 km (311 mi) from west to east.

Three physical features dominate Azerbaijan: the Caspian Sea, whose shoreline forms a natural boundary to the east; the Greater Caucasus mountain range to the north; and the extensive flatlands at the country's center. There are also three mountain ranges, the Greater and Lesser Caucasus, and the Talysh Mountains, together covering approximately 40 percent of the country.24 of the 8,350 rivers are greater than 100 km (62 miles) in length. All the rivers drain into the Caspian Sea in the east of the country. The largest lake is Sarysu and the longest river is the Kur (1,515 km) which has been dammed in places to form large reservoirs. Its waters contain 97 species of fish. There are dwindling numbers of sturgeon.

Specifics of Fishing Azerbaijan
Fishers'cherished places are those near a levee of the Mingechaur Reservoir, where they fish both above and below the spillway. As a rule, the bottom in such places is covered with many sunken snags and logs. To prevent the bottom from washing away, it is reinforced with big stones and brushwood piled below the levees...